A natural stone retaining wall is a sturdy, beautiful, and low-maintenance option. The natural stone comes in various colors and textures, allowing you to play with the design. Brick walls are heavy and can be hard to repair. They may look rustic, but they are sturdy and will last long.
The retaining wall you choose depends on your site and the water exposure it will experience. This can be in the form of waves, rain, or even humidity in the air. In these cases, you will want to ensure that the wall can cope with the water. Concrete may be the best option if the retaining wall is built near the ocean. Concrete can be shaped into sloped designs, a strong material that can support weight and maintain its integrity.
Another option is a gravity retaining wall. These walls are versatile and can be either rustic or sleek. They can also be built in different shapes, including stairs and corners. You can even stain them to match the look of your property. Gravity retaining walls are also excellent for leveling landscapes and enhancing usable space.
When choosing a retaining wall, you should also consider drainage. Without proper drainage, soil can become heavy and harder, and a retaining wall may not be effective. A drainage system can be added to the wall to keep it stable and prevent mudslides from happening. If you’re unsure how to lay down the drainage, consult a professional to ensure the best foundation for your retaining wall.
Sheet pile retaining walls are also an option. These are made of metal or wood and are often reinforced with vertical grooves. This type of wall is best for soils that are softer than concrete. For this retaining wall, a deep foundation is necessary. The base slab and stem of the wall should be anchored into the ground one-third into the soil above. The larger the wall, the more anchoring will be necessary.
When constructing a retaining wall, you should always choose the best materials for its intended purpose. The higher the quality, the longer the structure will last and be safer. Keep in mind that retaining walls are meant to hold back tons of soil, so make sure you consult an engineer if you plan to build one over 3 feet. Also, it would help to keep aesthetics in mind when deciding on the materials.
There are many types of retaining walls available for your garden or landscape. Some are more aesthetically pleasing, but stone and concrete block retaining walls are the most common. These are great for large structures or areas that require heavy retaining walls.